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قطعة الفهم مع الحل النموذجي لامتحان اللغة الانجليزية 2013

Salt is a mineral that consists mostly of sodium chloride (NACl). It is an essential

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قديم 05-02-2013, 09:24 AM
marwanmoon
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Salt is a mineral that consists mostly of sodium chloride (NACl). It is an essential nutrient
for animals, yet it is toxic to most plants. In her novel
Tongue, author Kyung Ran Jo recounts
this legend about salt: “A long time ago, a princess told the king, ‘I love you as much as I love
salt.’ Believing it to be an insult, the king banished his daughter from his kingdom. But after a
long time, the king realized the value of salt and the depth of his daughter’s 5 love for him.”
Saltiness is one of the basic tastes perceived by the tongue, making it an esteemed and
ubiquitous food flavoring. It also “retains vegetables’ vivid colors when parboiling, removes
astringency from salad greens, freezes ice cream, quickly cools boiling water, maintains the
freshness of cut flowers, removes stains on clothing, alleviates pain in your neck, is an ingredient
10 in soap,” according to Jo. Darlene McFarlane in her article “15 Household Uses for Table Salt”
recommends testing an egg’s freshness by placing it in a cup of salt water. An egg that floats is
not fresh. Ants will not venture onto a salt-covered surface, according to McFarlane, so she
suggests sprinkling it on windowsills and in doorways to repel them from your residence.
Salt’s historical distinction lies not so much in its taste or any of its aforementioned
15 amazing talents, however, as in its suitability as a preservative. Salt has been used as a food
preservative for centuries. One of the oldest documented saltworks is the Xiechi Lake near
Yuncheng in Shanxi, China. Salt was harvested from its surface as early as 6000 B.C. Salt, along
with salted birds and salt fish, was unearthed with funereal offerings in ancient Egyptian tombs
from the third millennium B.C. Less than half a century later, Egypt instituted exportation of salt
20 fish to the Phoenicians, who in turn traded Egyptian salt fish with their commercial partners
throughout North Africa, engendering the establishment of wide-ranging trade associations
throughout the Mediterranean region. Similarly, in the first millennium B.C., Celtic people
exchanged salted meat for wine and other luxury goods from ancient Greece and Rome. The
wide expanse of the Celtic salt trade is exemplified by the shared Celtic, Greek, and Egyptian
25 root word for salt,
hal, which is iterated in the names of saltworks throughout the region: Halle
and Schwäbisch Hall in Germany, Halych in Ukraine, and Galicia in Spain.
Throughout history, salt has been deemed a precious commodity. In fact, the word
“salary” is derived from the Middle English
salaire, from the Latin salarium, which means a
payment made in salt (
sal) or for salt, from salarius which means “pertaining to salt.” Many
30 historians agree that the Latin word
salarium is related to salt and soldiers, but stress that the
original association is unclear. Some surmise that soldiers were remunerated in salt. Some
postulate that the word soldier itself is derived from the word for salt. Even today, a hardworking
employee might be said to be “worth his salt” or might be commended for “soldiering
on.”

Ques
ttiions

1
.. The author’s primary purpose is to

A)
relate the history of salt.

B)
describe the value of salt.

C)
enumerate the myriad uses of salt.

D)
discuss the areas where salt was traded.

E)
explain the etymology of the word “salt.”

2
.. In line 21, engendering most closely means

A)
causing.

B)
encountering.

C)
requiring.

D)
restricting.

E)
stopping.

3
.. The function of the passage’s final sentence is to

A)
summarize the main uses of salt discussed in the passage.

B)
explain the etymological roots of several city names.

C)
repeat the fact that Roman soldiers were paid in salt.

D)
illustrate the modern uses of salt.

E)
emphasize the value of salt.

Answers and Exp
llanattiions

1
.. The correct answer is B.

A)
Incorrect. While the author discusses the history of salt in the first, third, and fourth
paragraphs, and focuses on the
history of salt in lines 14-23, the history of salt is not the
main thrust of the passage. The author’s main purpose is to show the
value of salt, and
she does so by enumerating its many uses, both now and throughout history, as she does
in lines 7-16, and in underlining its
value by showing what a desired commodity it has
been through history. The author shows that salt has historically been a desired
commodity in lines 17-27. She underlines its
value by showing that many languages
share the same root word for salt in lines 23-26 which suggests a long history of salt
trade. She then underlines her point by showing that even today’s language retains the
idea that salt is
valuable, in the final sentence.

B)
Correct. In every paragraph, the author discusses the value of salt. In line 5 of the first
paragraph, the phrase “… the king realized the
value of salt and the depth of his
daughter’s love for him” mentions the
value of salt. In lines 6 and 7 of the second
paragraph, the sentence “Saltiness is one of the basic tastes perceived by the tongue,
making it an esteemed and ubiquitous food flavoring” introduces the paragraph with the
idea of salt’s
value by stating that salt is “esteemed,” which means valuable. Line 14
introduces the third paragraph with the phrase “Salt’s historical distinction lies not so
much in its taste…” showing the distinctiveness, or
value of salt. And line 27 introduces
the fourth paragraph with the sentence “Throughout history, salt has been deemed a
precious commodity,” which also underlines the
value of salt.

C)
Incorrect. While the author does enumerate many uses for salt in lines 7-14 and 15-16,
she does so in order to illustrate the ways in which salt is
valuable.

D)
Incorrect. While the author does discuss the salt trade in lines 19–25, she does so in order
to illustrate the
value of salt. For example, in lines 22-23, the author discusses the salt
trade with the phrase, “in the first millennium B.C., Celtic people exchanged salted meat
for wine and other luxury goods from ancient Greece and Rome” in order to show that
salt was traded for other
valuable items.

E)
Incorrect. While the author does discuss the etymology of various words associated with
the root words of salt in lines 25-34, she does so in order to illustrate the
value of salt.
For example, in lines 27-29, the author writes “In fact, the word ‘salary’ is derived from
the Middle English
salaire, from the Latin salarium, which means a payment made in salt
(
sal) or for salt, from salarius which means ‘pertaining to salt”’ in order to underline the

value
of salt.

2
.. The correct answer is A.

A)
Correct. The salt trade caused wide-ranging trade associations throughout the
Mediterranean region

B)
Incorrect. The phrase “engendering the establishment of wide-ranging trade associations
throughout the Mediterranean region” seems to rule out the possibility that
engendering

would mean
encountering. It is unlikely that the beginning of the salt trade would have
randomly encountered the beginning of wide–ranging trade in the area. It is more likely
that there would have been a
cause-effect relationship between the two situations. The
following discussion of the shared root words for salt, “The wide expanse of the Celtic
salt trade is exemplified by the shared Celtic, Greek, and Egyptian root word for salt,
hal,

which is iterated in the names of saltworks throughout the region: Halle and Schwäbisch
Hall in Germany, Halych in Ukraine, and Galicia in Spain” seems to seal the notion that
the salt trade caused increased regional trade.
C)
Incorrect. While it is true that the beginning of the salt trade caused the increase in trade
in the region, it seems unlikely that the beginning of the salt trade
required increased
trade. The section stating that “Egypt instituted exportation of salt fish to the Phoenicians,
who in turn traded Egyptian salt fish with their commercial partners throughout North
Africa, engendering the establishment of wide-ranging trade associations throughout the
Mediterranean region. Similarly, in the first millennium B.C., Celtic people exchanged
salted meat for wine and other luxury goods from ancient Greece and Rome” shows that
increased trade was a mutually advantageous development, but probably
not a

requirement
.

D)
Incorrect. It is unlikely that the word engendering would mean restricting. The statement
that “Egypt instituted exportation of salt fish to the Phoenicians, who in turn traded
Egyptian salt fish with their commercial partners throughout North Africa, engendering
the establishment of wide-ranging trade associations throughout the Mediterranean
region. Similarly, in the first millennium B.C., Celtic people exchanged salted meat for
wine and other luxury goods from ancient Greece and Rome” indicates that trade was

increased
, not restricted.

E)
Incorrect. It is unlikely that the word engendering would mean stopping. The statement
that “Egypt instituted exportation of salt fish to the Phoenicians, who in turn traded
Egyptian salt fish with their commercial partners throughout North Africa, engendering
the establishment of wide-ranging trade associations throughout the Mediterranean
region. Similarly, in the first millennium B.C., Celtic people exchanged salted meat for
wine and other luxury goods from ancient Greece and Rome” indicates that trade was

increased
, not stopped.

3
.. The correct answer is E.

A)
Incorrect. While the passage does discuss the many uses of salt, including a section in the
final paragraph, “Some surmise that soldiers were remunerated in salt,” which postulates
one use of salt, the final sentences does
not summarize these uses as much as it shows
that the
value of salt is shown even in today’s idiom.

B)
Incorrect. While the final paragraph does discuss etymology, as in lines 27-30 which
state, “In fact, the word ‘salary’ is derived from the Middle English
salaire, from the
Latin
salarium, which means a payment made in salt (sal) or for salt, from salarius which
means ‘pertaining to salt,”’ the section relating to city names is located in lines 25-26
which include the phrase “…root word for salt,
hal, which is iterated in the names of
saltworks throughout the region: Halle and Schwäbisch Hall in Germany, Halych in
Ukraine, and Galicia in Spain,” and the final sentence is unrelated to city names; rather, it
shows that the
value of salt is shown even in today’s language.

C)
Incorrect. Lines 31-32 state, “Some surmise that soldiers were remunerated in salt. Some
postulate that the word soldier itself is derived from the word for salt,” however it is by
no means certain that soldiers were paid in salt or that the word solider itself is derived
from the word for salt. These are hypotheses,
not facts. The final sentence shows that
even today’s language reflects the
value of salt, but it does not say that Roman soldiers
were paid in salt.

D)
Incorrect. The final sentence does not discuss the modern uses of salt. It discusses the
modern use of language regarding salt. The final sentence, “Even today, a hard-working
employee might be said to be ‘worth his salt’ or might be commended for ‘soldiering
on”’ does not mention the uses of salt.

E)
Correct. The phrase “a hard-working employee might be said to be ‘worth his salt’”

means that the employee is as valuable as salt, pointing out the
value of salt



 

 

قديم 05-02-2013, 09:28 AM  
افتراضي رد: قطعة الفهم لامتحان اللغة الانجليزية مع الحل النموذجي لاسئلة القطعة
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الصورة الرمزية marwanmoon
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marwanmoon has a spectacular aura about
للتعديل الحل لاسئلة القطعة وليس لكل الامتحان
marwanmoon غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 05-02-2013, 11:43 AM  
افتراضي رد: قطعة الفهم مع الحل النموذجي لامتحان اللغة الانجليزية 2013
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الصورة الرمزية No Time
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بس هدول مش كل الاسئلة وين البقية ياريت تنزلوها اذا موجودة
No Time غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 05-02-2013, 12:46 PM  
افتراضي رد: قطعة الفهم مع الحل النموذجي لامتحان اللغة الانجليزية 2013
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نشكر جهودكم لكن اين باقي الاسئلة ................
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قديم 05-02-2013, 01:00 PM  
افتراضي رد: قطعة الفهم مع الحل النموذجي لامتحان اللغة الانجليزية 2013
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لحتى الان كلوا عندي صح بس وين الباقي ومن وين لقيتوها ؟
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قديم 04-25-2014, 02:06 AM  
افتراضي رد: قطعة الفهم لامتحان اللغة الانجليزية مع الحل النموذجي لاسئلة القطعة
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يعطيكوا الف عافية وشكرا على جهودكم ، يا ر يت ازا في امكانية عرض بقية الاسئلة
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2013, لامتحان, اللغة, الانجليزية, الدم, الفهم, النموذجي, قطعت


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